UK Rural Homeless Rise 20% A Year

A small compound with a shack, fire, water container
Tens of thousands may soon be living like this

Homelessness in rural England is doubling every 3 years, according to  campaigners warning planning reforms are likely to worsen the situation. The sharp increase in demand as people flee the larger cities has worsened the situation.

The number of households categorised as homeless in rural local authorities in England rose to 19,975 – an increase of 115% from 2017 – according to the countryside charity CPRE, and the Rural Services Network, which represents many parish councils and other countryside organisations.

The rise in numbers of households owed homelessness relief by councils, according to government figures, has been greatest in the north-east and north-west of England but an increase has happened in all areas.

One woman  was forced to live in a horse box for a month when she lost her home. A nursing said she and her three children may have to wait up to five years for an affordable property.


Local authorities have predicted a potential reduction in affordable house construction by up to 50% under the government’s proposed alterations to the planning system

Crispin Truman, chief executive of CPRE, said key workers were being priced out of rural areas by high rent in the private sector. “Tragically, rural homelessness continues to soar. Continuing to deregulate the planning system will only make this situation worse.

“Instead, investing in rural social housing now would deliver a boost to the economy at a time when this is so desperately needed. The evidence is crystal clear that this is the best way to provide affordable homes for rural communities – especially the key workers whom communities rely on now more than ever – while at the same time jump-starting the economy.”

The CPRE has calculated that at current social housing build rates it could take more than 150 years to clear rural housing waiting lists.

The Rural Services Network has said that changes set out in the government’s planning white paper would be catastrophic for the delivery of rural affordable housing. It argues that more rural affordable housing would boost the economy. It has forecast that for every 10 new affordable homes built the economy would be boosted by £1.4m, supporting 26 jobs and generating £250,000 in government revenue.

Graham Biggs, chief executive of the network, said: “The social case for affordable rural housing provision is undeniable and is at the heart of sustainable rural communities. Now the economic case for government investment in such housing is also firmly established, we call on the government to boost affordable rural housing supply in a clear win-win situation.”

The ministry of housing communities and local government was contacted for comment.

Rural worker who lived in a horse box

Home has meant dramatically different things to Andrea Warden in recent years. At best the 56-year-old farm worker from rural Essex has enjoyed family life in a three-bedroom farmhouse with chickens and a fishpond. At the worst she has lived in a horse box and in a mouldy converted shed.

Andrea Warden at her new home in Essex
 Andrea Warden at her new home in Essex

The tough times were triggered by redundancy from her job managing a farm and stables. She lost her home and due to the shortage of cheap housing “there was nowhere to go”. A friend offered her the old groom’s quarters in a stable block, but that did not last long. An £850 deposit on one rental property was never returned and her prospects worsened.

“By this time I was manically depressed,” she said. “I lived in my horse box for about a month on a farm. It was demoralising. I had to sell most of my furniture. I had lived in a beautiful farmhouse for 16 years which I had done up and spent money on, and then I had nothing.”

She said she had also lived in a mobile home and a shed that was so damp it made her ill. It was very difficult to find decent housing in the countryside, she said. She was on a housing association waiting list and in January this year was told of a one-bed home that had become available. “I burst out crying on the phone,” she said. She moved in. “It’s perfect,” she said. “Me and the dog.”

The ministry of housing and local government said it changed the law in 2018 in a way that made more people entitled to homelessness support from the government, and it was therefore misleading to compare the figures. However, the CPRE analysis showed that while there was a larger increase in homelessness in the year to April 2019, there was a further 16% increase in rural homelessness in the year to April 2020.

A government spokesperson said: “Our proposals for the planning system will bring in a new, simpler levy that ensures developers deliver at least as much affordable housing as today, and our new £11.5bn affordable homes programme – the biggest investment in a decade – will deliver up to 180,000 new affordable homes across the country, including in rural areas.”

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